The violin is a wooden chordophone (string instrument) in the violin family that is also known as a fiddle.
The body of most violins is made of hollow wood.
It is the smallest and, as a result, highest-pitched instrument in the family (soprano). The violin has four strings and is normally tuned in perfect fifths with the notes G3, D4, A4, E5, and is played by stroking a bow across the strings. It can alternatively be performed by plucking the strings with the fingers (pizzicato) or striking the strings with the wooden side of the bow in particular circumstances (col legno).
Violins play a significant role in a wide range of musical styles. They are most commonly heard in Western classical ensembles (from chamber music to symphonies) as well as as solo instruments.
Violins play an essential role in a wide range of folk music, including country, bluegrass, and jazz. In some kinds of rock music and jazz fusion, electric violins with solid bodies and piezoelectric pickups are utilized, with the pickups hooked into instrument amplifiers and speakers to produce sound.
The violin has found its way into many non-Western music cultures, such as Indian and Iranian music. Regardless of the style of music played on it, the term violin is frequently used.
The violin was initially recorded in 16th-century Italy, with some changes made in the 18th and 19th centuries to improve the instrument’s sound and projection. It influenced the creation of other stringed instruments used in Western classical music, such as the viola, in Europe.
Violinists and collectors treasure the superb historical instruments built by the Stradivari, Guarneri, Guadagnini, and Amati families in Brescia and Cremona (Italy) from the 16th through the 18th centuries, as well as Jacob Stainer in Austria.
The quality of their sound, according to their reputation, has eluded attempts to describe or equal it, however this idea is debatable.
Many instruments have emerged from the hands of lesser-known craftsmen, as well as even more mass-made commercial “trade violins” produced by cottage industries in areas like Saxony, Bohemia, and Mirecourt. Sears, Roebuck, and Co., as well as other mass merchandisers, used to sell several of these trade instruments.
A violin’s components are frequently composed of various types of wood. Gut, Perlon, or other synthetic strings, as well as steel strings, can be used to string violins. A luthier or violinmaker is someone who builds or fixes violins. An archetier or bowmaker is someone who builds or repairs bows.